Social, Not Physical, Infrastructure: The Critical Role of Civil Society After the 1923 Tokyo Earthquake

This article explores damage, population density, human capital, economic capital, and social capital as potential indicators for the rate of recovery following a disaster. These are applied on a case study of the rebuilding of Tokyo following its devastating 1923 earthquake. It finds that, using this data, social infrastructure is the best predictor of a community's (in)ability to recuperate and that there is little evidence to support the efficacy of other factors in doing the same. Further, the article outlines three implications for public officials and policymakers as a result of this research.

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