The National Transportation Safety Board is an independent Federal agency charged by Congress with investigating every civil aviation accident in the United States and significant accidents in other modes of transportation – railroad, highway, marine and pipeline. The NTSB determines the probable cause of the accidents and issues safety recommendations aimed at preventing future accidents. In addition, the NTSB carries out special studies concerning transportation safety and coordinates the resources of the Federal Government and other organizations to provide assistance to victims and their family members impacted by major transportation disasters.

The idea of modeling an entity to investigate cyber incidents on the NTSB was first proposed in 1991. Since then, multiple reports and studies have proposed its creation yet no in-depth proposal has ever been developed. GRI received a small grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to hold a workshop on the concept in April 2020.

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